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Israel 

Jerusalem Sights 6

Warren's Shaft
The Cana'anite city of Jerusalem was built near the Gihon Spring, in a strategic point allowing for defense of the city. In order to use the water of the Gihon without leaving the city, the Yevusites dug a deep shaft inside the walls. Yoav, commander of David's army, infiltrated the city through the shaft and thus conquered it.
In 1967 British archaeologist Warren discovered the shaft and identified it with the biblical story. A flashlight is needed. In the entrance findings of the excavation are displayed, as well as a model of an ancient water works and a photo exhibit. The two sites are south of the Dung gate.
Hours: Sun - Thurs 9am-5pm, Fri until 1pm. Tel: 02-6288141
 
Zedekiah's Cave
Legend tells that Zedekiah, the King of Judea, fled Jerusalem through this cave to Jericho when it was under Babylonian siege. Muslim tradition identifies the cave as the place where Creosote and his Flock were swallowed by the ground as a punishment for his attempt to rebel against Moses. Another legend tells that this is where King Solomon found the stone he used to build the Temple with.
The huge Zedekiah`s Cave (225 meters long) was used as a quarry. Here high quality stones which were used to build the luxury homes of Jerusalem were quarried. It seems that the beginning of the quarrying period was at the time of the First Temple. Josephus Plavius, when describing the contours of the third wall of Jerusalem, mentions the cave and calls it the ''Cave of Kings''. The quarry was also used at the beginning of the 20th century, and the stone was used in the building of the ''Clock Tower'' that used to stand over Jaffa gate. The tower was destroyed during the mandate period.
The entrance to Zedekiah`s Cave is under the northern wall of Jerusalem, just east of the Damascus gate.
Hours: Open to groups by reservation only. Tel: 02-6277550
 
Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem has been entrusted with documenting the history of the Jewish people during the Holocaust period, preserving the memory and story of each of the six million victims, and imparting the legacy of the Holocaust for generations to come through its archives, library, school, museums and recognition of the Righteous Among the Nations. Yad Vashem recently completed a 10-year campus and program development initiative that culminated in the opening of the new Holocaust History museum in 2005.
Hours: Sun. - Wed. 9 am - 5 pm; Thurs. 9 am - 8 pm; Fri. and holiday eves 9 am - 2 pm. Tel: 02-644-3400
 
 
*Info courtesy of Jerusalem Municipality.


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