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Israel 

Jerusalem Sights 4

St. James Cathedral
The Cathedral of Saint James is the seat of the Armenian Patriarch, and one of the most beautiful churches of the Holy Land. It has been built on the site of the tombs of St. James the Apostle, and St. James the Brother of the Lord.
A magnificent edifice dating from the 12th century with mostly 18th century decoration because of the renewal work carried out by the late Patriarch, Gregory the Chain bearer (1715-1749). It ranks as one of the most awe-inspiring in all of the Middle East.
The Cathedral is open to visitors during Morning Services, from 6:00 to 7:30, and during Vespers, from 15:00 to 15:30. Tour is available by calling, preferable a day before. Mobile 054-7642049. Tel 02- 6282331
 
The American Colony
In 1881 an American group led by Anna Sapford from Chicago arrived in Jerusalem. Together with Swedish farmer families they established the American Colony and lived a communal life as farmers and traders. Today's American Colony Hotel was a part of the colony. The hotel's yard is a recommended resting point from the hustle and bustle of the eastern city. The building itself, of Ottoman style, was originally the home of one of the richest families in Jerusalem.
 
The Cardo
During archaeological digging in 1975 a part of a street was uncovered and identified as the ''Cardo Maximus'' - the main street of the Roman Byzantine Jerusalem. The Cardo was a pillared street, partly open partly roofed. It was restored and now hosts shops and boutiques.
 
The City of David - visitors center
Tours of the city of David - Jerusalem , First Temple Period.
Hours: Sun. – Thurs. 9am-5pm Fridays & holiday eves: 9am-1pm.
Tel: 02-6262341 \ 1-800-25-24-23
 
The German Colony
A lovely residential neighborhood built since 1872 by the Templers - rural Protestant Germans. The neighborhood keeps its original character: one story stone houses surrounded by gardens. The Jerusalem municipality declared the neighborhood a conservation site. Today the area is a popular restaurant location.
 
The Jerusalem Archaeological Park
The Jerusalem Archaeological Park reveals the most amazing discoveries of Jerusalem during the Second Temple period. At the feet of the Southern Wall of the Temple Mount, at the Yitzhak Ben Youssef Lévi Garden - the area known as the Ophel, the visitor can climb up the original steps of the Hulda Gates that lead to the Temple Mount. This area, just south of the Temple Mount, is checkered with dozens of ritual purification baths that stood at the disposal of those entering the Temple Mount.
Other attractions at the site: ● Roman and Byzantine residences ● Remains of the Umayyad Palaces from the early Islamic period ● A huge impressive tower with an amazing unique observation point at its top built by the Fatimad Sultan and renovated by the Crusaders, the Ayyubids, and the Mamluks ● and the Davidson Center.
Hours: Sun - Tues: 8am-5pm, Wed - Thurs: 8am-7pm Fridays and Holydays Eve: 8am-2pm. Tel: 02-6277550
 
The Knesset (The Israeli Parliament)
The Knesset is Israel's parliament. It took its name from the Knesset Hagedolah, the representative Jewish body convened by Ezra and Nehemiah in the 5th century BCE. There are 120 members in the Knesset, the same number of members as in the ancient Knesset Hagedolah. The building, completed in 1966, was designed by Yosef Klarvin and funded by Baron James de Rothchild. The Israeli parliament (Knesset) is open to public visits, tours and observation of Knesset sessions.
The Knesset offers guided tours (in Hebrew, Arabic, English, French, Spanish, German,Russian, Amharic, Yiddish, and Finnish) for the general public on Sundays and Thursdays between the hours of 8:30am-2:30pm.
Tours must be arranged in advance via phone: 02-6753420 \ 02-6753416.
 
The Last Supper Room- Cenaculum
According to a Christian tradition begun during the Byzantine period, this is the location of the Last Supper of Jesus and his disciples. The hall was built by the crusaders, but was renovated in gothic style during the Middle Ages by the Franciscans. Later the Turks took control of it and built a mosque in it, the mark of which can still be seen today.
Hours: Daily 8:30am – 4pm.
 
The Ophel
More than any other place in Jerusalem, the Ophel garden displays the most exciting remains of the Second Temple. At the foot of the southern wall of the Temple Mount, in the region known as the ''Ophel'', visitors can climb the original steps leading to the Hulda gate- the gate that led to the Temple.
No less exciting is the visit to the southern edge of the Western Wall. Over the Herodian Pedestrian Street, beside the shops, there is a pile of huge stones - from the Temple walls - a memory of the destruction.
Hours: Sun - Thurs 9am-5pm, Fridays and Holidays until 3pm. Tel: 02-6254403
 
*Info courtesy of Jerusalem Municipality.


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